American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/autism/data.html
Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., DiLavore, P.C., Pickles, A., Rutter, M. (2000). The autism diagnositic observation
schedule-generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficitis associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205-223.
National Autism Association. nationalautismassociation.org
Autism is a neuro-developmental disorder with an onset of symptoms that occur prior to a child’s third birthday. Historically recognized as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (DSM-IV, American Psychiatric Association, 1994), the current term Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) was introduced to more accurately reflect the continuum of symptoms represented by individuals diagnosed with these disorders. Mild to intense impairments in language and social functioning are essential for a diagnosis of ASD. Other characteristics include repetitive or restricted movements or interests, an inability to adapt to change, and self-stimulatory behaviors.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1 in 68 children (or 14.7 per 1,000 eight-year-olds) in multiple communities in the United States has been identified with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This new estimate is roughly 30 percent higher than previous estimates reported in 2012 of 1 in 88 children (11.3 per 1,000 eight year olds) being identified with an autism spectrum disorder.
The data continue to show that ASD is almost five times more common among boys than girls: 1 in 42 boys versus 1 in 189 girls. White children are more likely to be identified as having ASD than are black or Hispanic children.
Although we don’t know the specific causes of autism, alarming increases in the number of individuals with the disorder have been met with extensive research as to the etiology. Researchers across the world are working on identifying the possible causes by focusing on genetics, environmental causes, and neurobiology (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2009). Studies have identified a clear genetic component accounting for up to twenty percent of ASD cases. This research also finds that siblings are at an increased risk of being diagnosed with ASD. There is promising research being conducted in the areas of environmental and neurobiological factors as they relate to ASD. To date, clear correlations to these factors have yet to be discovered (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2009).
The Slomin Family Center will uniquely target programs and services that support the entire family throughout the diagnostic and treatment process. The Center will provide a wide range of centralized services and programs that will meet the needs of those with an autism spectrum disorder, as well as the needs of their siblings, parents, and family. The center will ensure empirically driven programs that emphasize social inclusion for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Snow Day 2016
December 22, 2016
A Time of Gratitude and Compassion
November 30, 2016
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